Yet despite more than a century of study, experts still do not fully understand how or when the Dyke was built, and in recent years views have diverged even about such basic questions as its purpose Offa was in frequent conflict with his Welsh neighbours, having campaigned against various Welsh kingdoms in AD 778, 784, and 796, as recorded in the tenth-century Annales Cambriae. ©  2020 Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. Davies 1990; Vaughan-Thomas 1985. Offa's Dyke consists of an earthen bank with a ditch, tending to be on the west side only but occassionally found on both sides. There is also a visitor centre in Knighton, run by the Offa’s Dyke Association. Scientists Discover Secret Behind Earth’s Biodiversity Hotspots, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán – The First Olmec Centre. A personal record of my walk of Offa's Dyke Path National Trail with written journal and photographs. Most people have heard of Hadrian’s Wall, Offa’s Dyke and the Antonine Wall, but it is the lesser known Wansdyke in the West Country that is perhaps the most mysterious of them all!. Whether the Dyke was intended as an agreed boundary, a defensive structure, a trade border or a status symbol remains an ongoing enigma for archaeologists. At a point beyond Bronygarth and where Offa's Dyke Path crossed the Llwybr Ceiriog Trail I walked up on to the top of the actual Offa's Dyke mound. This guidebook - which includes both a guide to the route and a separate OS map booklet - describes Offa's Dyke Path National Trail from south to north, following the longest linear earthwork in Britain, running 177 miles along the English-Welsh border between Sedbury (near Chepstow) and Prestatyn on the north Wales Coast. The Offices / Y Swyddfeydd, The Dyke was constructed by the Mercian King Offa towards the end of the eighth century AD. A three mile section of the great earthwork boundary dyke built along the Anglo-Welsh border by Offa, King of Mercia, probably during the 780s. Multiple itineraries to choose from. Offa’s Dyke ran for up to 169 miles (sources differ), roughly following the current border between England and Wales and remains one of the largest ancient construction projects in England, standing alongside other notable ancient walls such as Hadrian’s Wall which runs for around 73 miles. Offa's Dyke is a great frontier earthwork built by Offa, King of Mercia from 757 to 796 A.D. It runs from Treuddyn, near Mold, to Sedbury on the Severn estuary. It consists of a bank and ditch, and is thought to be over 1200 years old. For about 70 miles it follows the course of the Eighth Century Offa’s Dyke earthwork. Offa's Dyke. Offa's Dyke is the longest linear earthwork in Britain, approximately 220km, running from Treuddyn, near Mold, to Sedbury on the Severn estuary. Today the Offa’s Dyke Path, a National Trail, starts near Chepstow and finishes at Prestatyn on the coast, passing through a variety of landscapes, from the Wye Valley, the Black Mountains, to the Clwydian Hills in the north – and is a fantastic setting for our November ‘Virtual Challenge’. Rydym yn defnyddio cwcis i sicrhau ein bod yn rhoi'r profiad gorau i chi ar ein gwefan. Development Control - 01938 552035 The way is rough just north of Knighton, but then the path descends into the level ground of Montgomery Plain. Find out about the Trail and use the interactive map to explore accommodation, services and attractions on the route. It was constructed towards the end of the eighth century AD by the Mercian king Offa, and is believed to have formed a long-lived territorial, and possibly defensive, boundary between the Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh kingdoms. Offa's Dyke is approximately 220km long and is the longest linear earthwork in Britain. Offa’s Dyke is a linear earthwork which roughly follows the Welsh/English boundary. The 29 Bronze Age and Iron Age sites are mainly found to the west of Offa's dyke, and are … Find out more about Offa's Dyke Path . United Kingdom. Stages of the Walk Journal, Photographs and Download Files The work is a defensive earthwork, consisting of a classic bank and ditch. HeritageDaily is an independent online magazine for archaeological and associated disciplines, dedicated to the heritage and historical sector. Bisecting the estate is a section of the remarkable 8th century defensive earthwork Offa's Dyke, built by King Offa of Mercia to mark the ancient border with the kingdom of Powys. Tracklogs for GPS units and for use with Google Earth are available for download for each stage. There are 107 scheduled monuments in the county borough. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. It consists of a bank and ditch, and is thought to be over 1200 years old. Welshpool / Y Trallwng In contrary to the traditional view, radio-carbon dating by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust of redeposited turf suggests the construction of Offa’s Dyke between AD 541 and 651, with the lower layers dating from around AD 430 during the sub-Roman period. Choose and book a National Trail break or be inspired by our suggested itineraries. An investigation is under way amid reports a large section of Offa's Dyke ancient earthwork has been damaged near Wrexham. This route follows a short section of the Offa's Dyke path. It consists of a ditch and rampart, originally about 27 metres across and 8 metres high . The Offa's Dyke Centre is the home of the Offa's Dyke Association. Offa’s Dyke is a large earthwork construction that is believed to delineate the border between the Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh kingdom of Powys. The Dyke runs through several different administrative areas – two countries and six counties – and is in hundreds of different ownerships. A membership-based charity, founded in 1969, we are the friends' group for both Offa's Dyke the 8th century border earthwork monument and Offa's Dyke Path National Trails. But for 60 spectacular miles the extraordinary earthwork of Offa’s Dyke, by some distance Britain’s longest ancient monument, does accompany the National Trail. The origins of the Dyke are debated but has been traditionally associated with Offa, the King of Mercia who ruled from AD 757 until his death in 796. HeritageDaily is a dedicated, independent publisher of the latest archaeology and multi-discipline news from across the academic community. Offa's Dyke Path Walk the route of this ancient Anglo-Welsh border defence earthwork, two-thirds of which is in Wales, built by Offa, King of Mercia between 757 and 796 AD. Offa, his Dyke and his legendary hospitality! from the ditch bottom to the bank top. Built at the command of the eighth-century king of Mercia, Offa’s Dyke is today Britain’s longest ancient monument, following the border between England and Wales. A long distance footpath of about 168 miles follows the dyke, an earthwork built in the 8th century by King Offa of Mercia to help ward off potential Welsh raiders, and stretches from the River Severn near Chepstow to the coast at Prestatyn in Wales. The Path runs for 177 miles from Sedbury Cliffs on the Severn Estuary near Chepstow to the North Wales resort of Prestatyn on Liverpool Bay. Read facts about the Trail and watch the Trail video. The county borough of Wrexham is in north-east Wales, straddling the ancient border earthwork Offa's Dyke. Many believe this was to defend his kingdom from the Welsh, while others argue there is little evidence to suggest it was built for defensive reasons – it may have been a practical boundary or a showy demonstration of the king's power and wealth. This extraordinary ancient monument is a unique reminder of the so called Dark Ages and the beginnings of modern Britain. An analysis of Wat’s Dyke placed construction between AD 411 and 561, by dating eroded shards of Romano-British pottery and quantities of charcoal in situ but this has also been contested by later studies. Offa’s Dyke is mostly easily accessible via the Offa’s Dyke Path, one of the UK’s National Trails. It was a fantastic moment for me. Back in the 8th Century things were a bit different than now, and it was the Anglo Saxon King Offa of Mercia who wanted to keep the Welsh out of England, and so he decided to built an earthworks ‘dyke’ to ensure they stayed to the west. This is also supported by a study of Wat’s Dyke, which was believed to have been constructed by Aethelbald king of Mercia who was succeeded by Offa. North Wales Police say they been made aware of … Walk Offa's Dyke Path on a 2-16 day walking holiday through the Welsh Borders, with maps, cosy accommodation and daily luggage transfers all included. Below: a section of Offa's Dyke near Chirk, north Wales. ARCHAEOLOGY | HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT | PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT Offa’s Dyke is a linear earthwork, which more or less follows the Welsh/English boundary. Os ydych chi'n parhau i ddefnyddio'r wefan hon, byddwn yn tybio eich bod yn hapus ag ef. Read more about the history of Offa's Dyke. As well as day-to-day conservation efforts, CPAT has been at the forefront of initiatives to improve long-term management of the Dyke. You can read more about Offa’s Dyke – and CPAT’s work on linear earthworks more generally – by following the links below. We identified the need for a central resource offering the latest archaeological news, journals, articles and press releases. There are numerous shorter walks featuring the Dyke too. However the Offa’s Dyke Path is of rather more recent origins being first listed as a long distance route in 1949 then being officially opened on behalf of the Countryside Commission as the Offa's Dyke National Trail … This 177 mile/285 km trail runs from Prestatyn in the north to Chepstow in the south, crossing the current border over 20 times. This especially impressive wooded stretch includes the Devil's Pulpit, with fine views of Tintern Abbey. Address: 41 Belsize Road, Luton, Bedfordshire, LU40RR - Email: info@heritagedaily.com. Stretching for 35 miles through the countryside of Wiltshire and Somerset, this large defensive earthwork was built some 20 to 120 years after the Romans had left Britain. Coed y Dinas, Offa was King of the Mercians, a warrior tribe from central England, from 757 – 796, and is best remembered for his Dyke, which he had built to act as a defence against the Welsh.. Offa’s Dyke National Trail runs the length of the English-Welsh border for 177 miles (295km) from Sedbury Cliffs on the Severn Estuary (near Chepstow) to the North Wales resort of Prestatyn on Liverpool Bay. The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust has been at the forefront of research and conservation efforts along Offa’s Dyke over many years. Today the Offa’s Dyke Path, a National Trail, starts near Chepstow and finishes at Prestatyn on the coast, passing through a variety of stunning landscapes, from the Wye … Explore the ancient earthwork and the historic border towns and landscapes it passes through. Offa’s Dyke Path, while not being the longest of the National Trails, is the most attractive and varied of them. Sections of the famous historical earthwork are clearly visible at some points. The area of Offa's Dyke along the old deer park is one of the best preserved sections in the area. We have excavated more of the Dyke than any other organisation, and were the first to obtain scientific dating evidence for the construction of the monument. . Historians regard Offa as the most powerful Anglo-Saxon king before Alfred the Great, although no contemporary biography of him survives. The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust has been researching Offa’s Dyke since the 1970s. Offa’s Dyke Path Information & Map . While the hills here may lack height compared to those further north, the climbs are still steep and the views stunning. The first known account of the Dyke stems from the monk Asser, the biographer to King Alfred who wrote “a certain vigorous king called Offa……had a great Dyke built between Wales and Mercia from sea to sea.”. The earthworks of Offa's Dyke are most noticeable around Knighton, which is home to the Offa's Dyke Association (see contact info below). Constructed by King Offa of Mercia (757-96), late in the eighth century, it is a tribute to the authority he commanded … The origins of the Dyke are debated but has been traditionally associated with Offa, the King of Mercia who ruled from AD 757 until his death in 796. Field Services - 01938 552002 - Offa's Dyke Path is a 177 mile (285km) long distance trail that follows closely the Wales-England border. Offa’s Dyke is a linear earthwork which runs through the English/Welsh borders from Treuddyn (near Wrexham in north east Wales) to Sedbury Cliffs (on the Severn estuary, in southern Gloucestershire). Another Dyke was also constructed to the east called Wat’s Dyke, which runs parallel for 40-miles through the northern Welsh Marches and as far south as Shropshire. It consists of a ditch and rampart constructed with the ditch on the Welsh-facing side, and appears to have been carefully aligned to present an open view into Wales from along its length. Offa’s Dyke Offa’s Dyke is a linear earthwork which runs through the English/Welsh borders from Treuddyn (near Wrexham in north east Wales) to Sedbury Cliffs (on the Severn estuary, in southern Gloucestershire). Offa’s Dyke is a stunning walk that follows parts of the line of an ancient earthworks and some of the border between Wales and England and passes through the Clwydian Hills and Dee Valley, the Shropshire Hills, the Black Mountain section of the Brecon Beacons National Park and the Wye Valley. It is generally agreed, though, that the dyke was constructed under the orders of the Anglian King Offa of Mercia during the 8th century. During the current Covid-19 situation if you have the mobile number of your team contact, then by all means call them directly. Offa’s Dyke is a massive 1200 year old earthwork boundary, which runs on or close to the modern border between England and Wales. Main Office - 01938 553670 We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The Dyke consisted of a ditch on the Welsh side, with the displaced soil piled into a bank on the Mercian side up to 20 metres wide and 2.4 metres in height. The Dyke may have been constructed to place a boundary between his domain, with some historians suggesting that there was a degree of consultation with the kings of Powys and Gwent. SY21 8RP, Mid-Wales and the Marches are glorious walking territory. Self-catering cottages near Offa's Dyke. Please click on any cottage photographs to view details of the self-catering cottages. Offa’s Dyke, great English earthwork extending linearly, with some gaps, from the River Severn near Chepstow to the seaward end of the Dee estuary, passing for 169 miles (270 kilometres) through the counties of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Radnorshire, … As well as a range of field investigations on the Dyke since the 1970s, CPAT has been involved with several larger-scale initiatives. Forming the traditional boundary between England and Wales, this impressive earthwork runs, although not continuously, from the Dee estuary in the north to the river Wye in the south. It opened in 1971 and some of it follows or keeps close company with the remnants of Offa's Dyke, an earthwork mostly constructed in the 8th century on the orders of Offa of Mercia. My first contact with the ancient earthwork had been made. 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